India: India has suffered a sharp fall in rose flower exports due to the global corona general freeze and air service impact. Flower production farmers have been severely affected by this. In Tamil Nadu alone, 10 lakh people have lost their jobs.
The Government of India has accorded 100% export oriented status to promote flower cultivation. The Indian flower culture industry changed from traditional flowers to flowers for export purposes.
Hosur, which produces a large quantity of flowers in Tamil Nadu, has an area of 1300 acres in a green bed and is cultivated. The Government of India on behalf of horticulture department provided 100% subsidy for drip drinking water. It provided subsidized loans for setting up in green yard.
Hosur Koimalar farmers had been doing profitable business for the past 10 years. The farmers harvested the flowers on time, processed it in an air conditioned room for a week, then packed properly and transported them to Bengaluru airport in air conditioned trucks within a specified time and exported them abroad. flowers were exported to Germany, Netherlands, USA, France, Canada, Poland, Malaysia, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Spain and Arab countries.
In 2019-20, 25.67 percent of our total flower exports were exported to the US alone. 22,692 tonnes of flowers were exported in 2015-16, 20,020 tonnes in 2016-17, 20,703 tonnes in 2017-18, 19,727 tonnes in 2018-19 and 14,385 tonnes in 2019-2020. Following the Corona outbreak in 2020, a general lockdown was imposed in most countries, including India.This led to the suspension of flights from India to other countries and from other countries to India.
While exporting up to Rs 1,000 crore per annum, it has now come down to Rs 541 crore. Flower exports have not been completely carried out in the last financial year. The Corona pandemic turned the lives of Indian koi flower farmers, who were fully dependent on air exports. Balasivaprasad, director of the National Horticulture Board and president of the Hosur Flower Farmers Association, said not only hosur farmers but also indian rose koimalar export farmers were severely affected.
In this regard, he said:
If a factory shuts down, the door can be closed and the power shut. But when rose-like flowering plants had to be planted for months, water, manure, medicine sprayed, grown and harvested, the Centre learned of the Corona general freeze. This brought the flight to a halt.
This resulted in the waste of all the flowers that were harvested and ready for export, including the flowers that were harvested in the plant. The Corona general freeze upset the peasants at a time when they had been working for months to convert it into money.
After that, the first wave of Corona was decreasing.
The farmers were relieved. They were growing rose saplings again, hoping to get back to normal life. At this point the second wave of the Corona infection again paralysed the koi flower industry again. In flower farming, each farmer spent Rs.1 lakh per acre per month at the rate of Rs.12 lakhs per annum.
Apart from disrupting exports, the Government of Tamil Nadu has imposed curfew suomote restrictions on wedding ceremonies, restrictions on public functions and complete ban on conducting functions. He said about 10 lakh people in Tamil Nadu have lost their jobs, from flower producing farmers who rely on festivals including marriages to small traders who work like decorative arches and make flower bunches.